PhysioBank Archives: Class 3
Class 3 databases include collections of data that may have been less
thoroughly studied than those in class 1, but that may be of interest
to the research community. These databases include works in progress,
to which users are invited to contribute. In some cases, these
databases may be archived on their creators' web sites.
The following class 3 databases are currently available:
- Abdominal and Direct Fetal ECG Database.
Five-minute multichannel fetal ECG recordings, with cardiologist-verified
annotations of all fetal heart beats, from five women in labor, from the
Medical University of Silesia, Poland. Each record includes four signals
from the maternal abdomen and a simultaneously recorded reference direct
fetal ECG from the fetal scalp; all signals are sampled at 1 KHz with
- AF Termination Challenge Database. This
database has been compiled for the
PhysioNet/Computers in Cardiology Challenge
2004. It consists of a learning set of 30 records and two test sets
of 30 and 20 records. Each record contains a one-minute excerpt of a
two-lead long-term ECG recording exhibiting either self-terminating or
sustained atrial fibrillation; the challenge is to identify which
records in the test set show self-terminating AF.
- Apnea-ECG Database. This database has been
assembled for Computers in Cardiology Challenge
2000. It consists of 70 ECG recordings, each typically 8 hours long,
with accompanying sleep apnea annotations obtained from study of
simultaneously recorded respiration signals, which are included for 8 of
- CAP Sleep Database. The Cyclic
Alternating Pattern (CAP) is a periodic EEG activity occurring
during NREM sleep, and abnormal amounts of CAP are associated with
a variety of sleep-related disorders. The CAP Sleep Database is a
collection of 108 polysomnographic recordings from the Sleep
Disorders Center of the Ospedale Maggiore of Parma, Italy. Each
record includes 3 or more EEG signals together with EOG, chin and
tibial EMG, airflow, respiratory effort, SaO2, and ECG signals,
and reference sleep stage and CAP annotations, This database is
intended to provide a useful number of carefully annotated
examples of CAP in a representative variety of pathophysiologic
contexts, for development and evaluation of automated CAP
analyzers, as well as to support basic studies of the dynamics of
- Creighton University Ventricular
Tachyarrhythmia Database. This database includes a
preliminary set of beat annotations (all beats marked as normal)
with additional annotations that indicate episodes of ventricular
- Electrocardiographic Imaging of
Myocardial Infarction. This data set, collected for the
Physionet/Computers in Cardiology Challenge
2007, contains 352-channel body surface potential maps for four subjects
with moderate to large, relatively compact infarcts, together with MRI
images and clinical summaries.
- Examples of Electromyograms. Short
EMG recordings from three subjects (one without neuromuscular disease,
one with myopathy, one with neuropathy).
- Fantasia Database. ECG and
respiration recordings, with beat annotations from 20 young and 20 elderly
subjects, all healthy, in sinus rhythm during a resting state (two hours
each). Half of the recordings also include (uncalibrated) continuous
noninvasive blood pressure signals. A subset of these recordings posted here
previously is still available.
- Intracardiac Atrial Fibrillation Database.
A collection of high-resolution recordings from eight subjects in atrial
fibrillation or flutter; each recording includes three surface ECG signals
and five intracardiac signals, all simultaneously recorded.
- Long-Term AF Database. A set of 84
long-term (24-hour) ECG recordings of subjects with paroxysmal or
sustained atrial fibrillation. Each record contains two ECG signals
and two sets of annotations. The original set includes unaudited
markers produced by an automated QRS detector, with manual annotations
of the terminations of AF episodes with durations of at least one minute.
The new set contains manually reviewed reference beat type and rhythm
- MIMIC Database. The PhysioBank archives
contain 72 complete records from this database, together with periodic
measurements ("numerics") for all 121 records of the database, including
multiple recordings of some of the 90 subjects. The lengths of these
records vary, but average about 40 hours each.
- MIMIC II Database, consisting of:
Both components are still growing and additional records are posted as they
- The MIMIC II Waveform
Database version 3, a collection that includes 21,422 record sets
for approximately 12,500 ICU patients. Almost all record sets include a
waveform record containing digitized signals (typically including ECG, ABP,
respiration, and SpO2, and frequently other signals) and a "numerics"
record containing time series of periodic measurements, each presenting a
quasi-continuous recording of vital signs of a single patient throughout an
ICU stay (typically a few days, but many are several weeks in duration).
For ongoing studies, the MIMIC II
Waveform Database version 2, containing 4164 records, is still
- The MIMIC II
Waveform Database Matched Subset: 4,897 waveform records and
5,266 numerics records from the MIMIC II Waveform Database, which
have been matched and time-aligned with 2,809 MIMIC II Clinical
Database records; and
- The MIMIC II
Clinical Database, which contains clinical records for 32,536 subjects,
including many of those represented in the MIMIC II Waveform
Database. MIMIC II Clinical Database records contain results of
laboratory tests, medications, ICD9 diagnoses, admitting notes, discharge
summaries, and more. Each record contains data for a single subject, and
many records span multiple ICU admissions for the same subject, including
available medical history between ICU stays. The entire Clinical Database
is available to qualified investigators under terms of a data use
agreement; see this page for
details. The Public Subset of
the MIMIC II Clinical Database contains portions of 110 records that were
made freely available to support the
PhysioNet/CinC Challenge 2009: Predicting
Acute Hypotensive Episodes.
- MIT-BIH Atrial Fibrillation Database
(including signal files not previously released). Signal files
for 23 of the 25 ten-hour records are available, along with
reference rhythm annotations and unaudited beat annotations for
all 25 records.
- MIT-BIH ECG Compression Test Database.
This database is unannotated.
- MIT-BIH Long-Term Database. Six
lengthy two-lead ECG recordings and one three-lead ECG recording.
- MIT-BIH Malignant Ventricular Arrhythmia
Database. This database contains rhythm and signal quality
annotations only (no beat annotations).
- MIT-BIH Normal Sinus Rhythm Database
(including signal files not previously released). Also available:
recordings excluded from the
MIT-BIH Normal Sinus Rhythm Database (because of the presence of
occasional ectopic beats).
- MIT-BIH Polysomnographic Database.
Includes new annotation files with sleep stage and apnea
- MIT-BIH ST Change Database. This
database includes beat annotations but currently no ST change
annotations. The recordings are primarily from exercise stress
tests and exhibit transient ST changes.
- MIT-BIH Supraventricular Arrhythmia Database.
Seventy-eight half-hour ECG recordings chosen to supplement the examples
of SV arrhythmias in the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database.
- Non-Invasive Fetal Electrocardiogram
Database. Fifty-five recordings of maternal and maternal+fetal ECGs
recorded over a 20-week period from a single subject, in EDF+ format.
- OB-1 Database. This project is developing a
set of recordings of fetal scalp electrograms and uterine muscular
activity, with beat-by-beat annotations of the fetal ECG, to support
studies of fetal heart rate variability. One sample recording is currently
available; more than additional 100 data sets have been collected and are in
preparation in the OB-1 project on PhysioNetWorks. Each data set documents
the in-hospital course of labor and delivery (typically several hours in
length), and consists of a record containing a continuous fetal ECG signal
and a simultaneously recorded UC (uterine muscular activity) signal,
accompanied by maternal clinical data and newborn clinical data.
- PAF Prediction Challenge Database. This
database has been compiled for Computers in
Cardiology Challenge 2001. It consists of 100 record sets, each
including a pair of 30-minute excerpts from a long-term ECG recording.
Approximately half of the subjects have PAF immediately following one of
the two 30-minute excerpts; among the 50 record sets in the learning set,
the PAF can be studied by referring to 5-minute ``continuation records''
that accompany each 30-minute record. In the 50 record sets belonging to
the test set, the challenge is to identify which records immediately
- PTB Diagnostic ECG Database. This database of
549 high-resolution 15-lead ECGs (12 standard leads together with Frank
XYZ leads) includes clinical summaries for each record. From one to five
ECG records are available for each of the 294 subjects.
- Samples of MR Images (magnetic resonance
- Sleep-EDF Database. This is a collection
of sleep recordings from 8 healthy subjects. Each recording contains 2 EEG
signals, EOG, and an event marker, and is accompanied by a manually-scored
hypnogram. Four recordings also include submental EMG, and the other four
recordings also include the submental EMG envelope, oro-nasal airflow, and
- Sleep Heart Health Study Polysomnography
Database. This database will eventually include 1000 overnight
polysomnograms collected to study the relationship of sleep disordered
breathing and cardiovascular disease. Recordings include EEG, EOG, EMG,
ECG, nasal airflow and respiratory effort signals, periodic measurements
of SaO2 and heart rate, annotations of sleep stages, respiratory events,
EEG arousals, and more. At present, one sample polysomnogram is available.
- St. Petersburg Institute
of Cardiological Technics 12-lead Arrhythmia Database. Seventy-five
half-hour recordings extracted from 32 Holter records from patients
undergoing tests for coronary artery disease, with reference annotation
files containing over 175,000 beat annotations in all.
- St. Vincent's University Hospital /
University College Dublin Sleep Apnea Database. This database
contains 25 full overnight polysomnograms with simultaneous
three-channel Holter ECG, from adult subjects with suspected
- Sudden Cardiac Death Holter Database. This
is a collection of long-term ECG recordings of patients who experienced
sudden cardiac death during the recordings. Half-hour excerpts of these
recordings are available as the MIT-BIH Malignant
Ventricular Arrhythmia Database.
- T-Wave Alternans Challenge Database.
This database has been compiled for the PhysioNet/Computers in Cardiology Challenge
2008. It contains 100 2-, 3-, and 12-lead ECG records sampled
at 500 Hz with 16-bit resolution over a ± 32 mV range, including
subjects with risk factors for sudden cardiac death as well as healthy
controls and synthetic cases with calibrated amounts of T-wave alternans.